Baal Teshuva (BT) – literally means Master of Return, generally means people who did not grow up orthodox and became frum later in life, or can mean someone FFB who stopped being orthodox and then started again.
Babka – An eastern European yeast cake, can come in any number of flavors including chocolate and cinnamon.
Bais Hamikdosh- The Holy Temple
Bais Medresh- House of Learning. Study Hall.
Bais Yaakov - a very religious secondary school for girls
Balabusta - a good housewife
Bar Mitzvah- a boy of age 13, responsible to do Mitzvot.
Baruch Dayan Emes – literally means “Blessed is the True Judge”. This is the phrase recited upon hearing of someone’s death. It is both a phrase used to comfort the mourner and an acknowledgement that G-d runs the world
Bas Melech - daughter of the king; a term referring to a Jewish girl or woman
Bashert – that it was meant to be from time immemorial. Also used to talk about our life partner - predetermined from the beginning of time.
Bedeken - when the groom covers the bride's face with her veil immediately before the chuppah
Bentch- Yiddish, literally means “to bless”, can be used a variety of ways – most commonly to denote the long blessings to be recited after eating bread. Can also refer to what G-d decides to bless us with, or how some Jews traditionally bless their children every Friday night. Also one person can always bentch another.
Bikur cholim - visiting the sick, an important mitzvah
Bimah- the stage where the Torah is read
Bitachon - trust in Hashem
Bli neder – Without a vow. Bochur, bochurim – literally means “boy” or “son” often refers to single men of high school, college, and marriageable age.
Bracha- blessing; pl. brachot
Broiges- a long-running grudge, something less than a feud but more than a dispute