Tachlis - literally business; refers to dating seriously toward marriage
Talmid Chochom - literally a wise student, generally refers to a man who is very learned in Torah and Jewish studies, this is a compliment
Talmud Bavli-The Babylonian Talmud. This is a synopsis of more than 300 years of analysis in the Mishnah in the Babylonian Academies. Generally regarded to have been completed by 700 CE.
Talmud Yerushalmi- The Jerusalem or Palestinian Talmud. A synopsis of almost 200 years of analysis in the Mishnah in the Academies of Israel (mainly Tiberius and Caeseria) and completed about 350 CE. Due to the locations of the Israeli Academies, they demonstrate a greater focus on agricultural law. To most Orthodox Jews, in disputes between the Talmuds, the Babylonian one is considered supreme.
Takanah - a proclamation. Literally a "fix" of an existing Jewish law to address a new circumstance or correct a problem.
Tanach or Tanakh- The Jewish Bible, the Old Testament
Tatty - Father
Tehillim - the Book of Psalms
Tenaim - literally the "conditions" of the forthcoming marriage; after a contract is written and signed, it is customary to break a plate, pieces of which are a segulah for unmarried people
Tfila, Tefillos - Hebrew; prayer
Tfila Betzibur - Public prayer; Prayer with the congregation
Tfilin, Tefillin- phylacteries. Small black boxes with hebrew text inside, to be worn during prayers.
Tisha b'Av - the ninth day of the month of Av, when both Temples were destroyed; a fast day
Torah- The 5 books of Moses; the Jewish Bible; the big scroll where it is written
Tracht Gut V’Tzein Gut- Yiddish phrase, means "Think Good and it Will Be Good"
Trop - symbols used as musical notes for the cantillation of the Torah
Tsuris – woe, problems, worries
Tuchas- bum, rear-end. Also tush
Tzedaka – Charity Tzion – Zion, aka Israel
Tzitzis – the four cornered fringed garment worn by orthodox males
Tznius – modesty, in dress, speech, and action